Molecular Spectroscopic Imaging Offers a Systematic Assessment of Pathological Aortic Valve and Prosthesis Tissue in Biomineralization

Claudia Dittfeld, Alice Mieting, Cindy Welzel, Anett Jannasch, Klaus Matschke, Sems-Malte Tugtekin, Gerald Steiner
2020 Crystals  
Pathological ECM remodelling and biomineralization in human aortic valve and bioprosthesis tissue were investigated by Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic imaging and multivariate data analysis. Results of histological von Kossa staining to monitor hydroxyapatite biomineralization correlated to the definition of mineralized tissue using FT-IR spectroscopic imaging. Spectra exhibit signals of carbonate and phosphate groups of hydroxyapatite. Proteins could be identified by the
more » ... e I and amide II bands. Proteins were detected in the calcified human aortic valve tissue, but no absorption signals of proteins were observed in the mineralized bioprosthesis sample region. A shift of the amide I band from 1654 cm−1 to 1636 cm−1 was assumed to result from β-sheet structures. This band shift was observed in regions where the mineralization process had been identified but also in non-mineralized bioprosthesis tissue independent of prior implantation. The increased occurrence of β-sheet conformation is hypothesized to be a promoter of the biomineralization process. FT-IR spectroscopic imaging offers a wealth of chemical information. For example, slight variations in band position and intensity allow investigation of heterogeneity across aortic valve tissue sections. The exact evaluation of these properties and correlation with conventional histological staining techniques give insights into aortic valve tissue remodelling and calcific pathogenesis.
doi:10.3390/cryst10090763 fatcat:xebdmqxjirhnrg6655dgcnjdzm