Proximity-induced high-temperature superconductivity in the topological insulators Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3

Parisa Zareapour, Alex Hayat, Shu Yang F. Zhao, Michael Kreshchuk, Achint Jain, Daniel C. Kwok, Nara Lee, Sang-Wook Cheong, Zhijun Xu, Alina Yang, G.D. Gu, Shuang Jia (+2 others)
2012 Nature Communications  
Interest in the superconducting proximity effect has been reinvigorated recently by novel optoelectronic applications as well as by the possible emergence of the elusive Majorana fermion at the interface between topological insulators and superconductors. Here we produce high-temperature superconductivity in Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 via proximity to Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+{\delta}, in order to access increasing temperature and energy scales for this phenomenon. This was achieved by a new mechanical bonding
more » ... hanical bonding technique we developed, enabling the fabrication of high-quality junctions between materials, unobtainable by conventional approaches. We observe proximity-induced superconductivity in Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 persisting up to at least 80K, a temperature an order of magnitude higher than any previous observations. Moreover, the induced superconducting gap in our devices reaches values of 10mV, significantly enhancing the relevant energy scales. Our results open new directions for fundamental studies in condensed matter physics and enable a wide range of applications in spintronics and quantum computing.
doi:10.1038/ncomms2042 pmid:22968702 fatcat:nhjfwdej4zhzrgab6ef2e4bcem