The nature of Late Cenozoic volcanism in the Udokan Range, northwestern segment of the Baikal Rift Zone

A. F. Grachev
2017 Russian Journal of Earth Science  
Newly obtained major-component, trace-element, and rare-earth element (REE) analyses are used to gain insight into the nature of Late Cenozoic volcanism in the Udokan Range. The composition of the lavas is analyzed in each lava flow and it is demonstrated that the rocks define a bimodal differentiated series with a Daly gap. The absence of andesite is seen not only in the summarizing diagrams but also in individual vertical sections of the volcanic rocks. The petrochemical specifics of
more » ... ecifics of volcanics in the Udokan Range involves broad variations in the TiO 2 concentrations: from 0.22 to 4.41 wt %. The REE patterns of the volcanics show a trend analogous to that of oceanic islands basalts (OIB). The compositional specifics of the rocks suggest that the basalt-trachyte series was derived from a single mantle source related to a mantle plume.
doi:10.2205/2017es000578 fatcat:r4slikbbircsjaglkcgrcmxfvu