Simulation of Arctic Thin Ice Clouds with Canadian Regional Climate Model Version 6: Verification against CloudSat-CALIPSO

Housseyni Sankaré, Jean-Pierre Blanchet, René Laprise, Norman T. O'Neill
2022 Atmosphere  
Polar clouds are, as a consequence of the paucity of in situ observations, poorly understood compared to their lower latitude analogs, yet highly climate-sensitive through thermal radiation emission. The prevalence of Thin Ice Clouds (TIC) dominates in cold Polar Regions and the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) altitudes. They can be grouped into 2 broad categories. The first thin ice cloud type (TIC1) is made up of high concentrations of small, non-precipitating ice crystals. The
more » ... ond type (TIC2) is composed of relatively small concentrations of larger, precipitating ice crystals. In this study, we investigate the ability of a developmental version of the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM6) in simulating cold polar-night clouds over the Arctic Ocean, a remote region that is critical to atmospheric circulation reaching out to the mid-latitudes. The results show that, relative to CloudSat-CALIPSO vertical profile products, CRCM6 simulates high-latitude and low spatial frequency variations of Ice Water Content (IWC), effective radius (re) and cooling rates reasonably well with only small to moderate wet and dry biases. The model can also simulate cloud type, location, and temporal occurrence effectively. As well, it successfully simulated higher altitude TIC1 clouds whose small size evaded CloudSat detection while being visible to CALIPSO.
doi:10.3390/atmos13020187 fatcat:elybmmdt4zhlrodpk6a23oyypm