Topaz, a Potential Volatile-Carrier in Cold Subduction Zone: Constraint from Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy at High Temperature and High Pressure

Shijie Huang, Jingui Xu, Chunfa Chen, Bo Li, Zhilin Ye, Wei Chen, Yunqian Kuang, Dawei Fan, Wenge Zhou, Maining Ma
2020 Minerals  
The equation of state and stability of topaz at high-pressure/high-temperature conditions have been investigated by in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy in this study. No phase transition occurs on topaz over the experimental pressure–temperature (P-T) range. The pressure–volume data were fitted by the third-order Birch–Murnaghan equation of state (EoS) with the zero-pressure unit–cell volume V0 = 343.86 (9) Å3, the zero-pressure bulk modulus K0 = 172 (3) GPa, and
more » ... = 172 (3) GPa, and its pressure derivative K'0 = 1.3 (4), while the obtained K0 = 155 (2) GPa when fixed K'0 = 4. In the pressure range of 0–24.4 GPa, the vibration modes of in-plane bending OH-groups for topaz show non-linear changes with the increase in pressure, while the other vibration modes show linear changes. Moreover, the temperature–volume data were fitted by Fei's thermal equation with the thermal expansion coefficient α300 = 1.9 (1) × 10−5 K−1 at 300 K. Finally, the P-T stability of topaz was studied by a synchrotron-based single-crystal XRD at simultaneously high P-T conditions up to ~10.9 GPa and 700 K, which shows that topaz may maintain a metastable state at depths above 370 km in the upper mantle along the coldest subducting slab geotherm. Thus, topaz may be a potential volatile-carrier in the cold subduction zone. It can carry hydrogen and fluorine elements into the deep upper mantle and further affect the geochemical behavior of the upper mantle.
doi:10.3390/min10090780 fatcat:nm36rrm555bfdjro43y4wttote