EFL Learners' Language Learning Strategies and Autonomous Learning: Which One Is a Better Predictor of L2 Skills?

Alireza Zaker
2015 Journal of Applied Linguistics   unpublished
As Reading Comprehension (RC) is considered one of the major language skill which is often measured to determine English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' language proficiency. This study set out to investigate the relationship among EFL learners' RC, Autonomy (AU), and Language Learning Strategies (LLS). To achieve this purpose, 76 male and female EFL learners (41 females, 54%, and 35 males, 46%), between the ages of 18 and 25 (Mage = 20 years), were selected via convenience sampling.
more » ... participants answered to 3 instruments: a) a questionnaire of AU by Spratt, Humphreys, and Chan (2002); b) a questionnaire of LLS created by Oxford (1990); and c) an RC test adopted from the PET Practice Tests developed by Quintana (2003). Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data obtained. The results indicated that there is a positive relationship between EFL learners' RC and SILL, RC and AU, as well as their LLS and AU. Considering RC as the predicted variable for this study, it was observed that there is no significant difference between EFL learners' AU and LLS in predicting their RC. Although the small sample pool of this study was considered as the main reason for observing non-significant relationships among the variables, AU and LLS demonstrated the largest consistency among the variables. The study concludes with a discussion on the results and suggesting some avenues for further research.