Characterizing the algorithmic complexity of reconfigurable data center architectures

Klaus-Tycho Foerster, Manya Ghobadi, Stefan Schmid
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems - ANCS '18  
Emerging data center architectures are becoming reconfigurable. While prior work has shown the practical benefits of reconfigurable topologies, the underlying algorithmic complexity is not yet well understood. In particular, most reconfigurable topologies are hybrid, where parts of the network are reconfigurable (consisting of optical or wireless devices) while other parts are static (consisting of electrical switches). Current proposals enforce a routing policy that routes flows on either part
more » ... "exclusively" by labeling flows as mice or elephant. We show that such artificial segregation in routing policy results in non-optimal paths and argue for algorithms that route packets across the network seamlessly. In doing so, we present the first algorithmic study of reconfigurable network architectures and provide optimality and hardness proofs in terms of topology and routing policy. Our results show that classical matching algorithms, as used in prior work, are optimal only when the topology consists of one reconfigurable switch, and the routing policy is enforced to be segregated. In other words, if there is an option of routing flows seamlessly along reconfigurable and non-reconfigurable parts of the network, matching algorithms are not optimal. In fact, when the hybrid network is seen from a joint perspective, optimal routing is an NP-hard problem. We further show that optimally routing even two flows in a network with multiple reconfigurable switches is an NP-hard problem as well. CCS CONCEPTS • Networks → Network architectures; • Theory of computation → Design and analysis of algorithms;
doi:10.1145/3230718.3230722 dblp:conf/ancs/FoersterGS18 fatcat:ej2hdmx5djcnnfzowqttr7et6y