The role of optical coherence tomography angiography in distinguishing ischemic versus non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion

Weiting An, Qi Zhao, Rongguo Yu, Jindong Han
2022 BMC Ophthalmology  
Introduction: To observe macular microvascular changes in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and explore the value of OCTA in differentiating ischemic and non-ischemic CRVO. Methods: Cross sectional study. Fifty patients diagnosed as CRVO with macular edema were included. Macular edema in all patients were regressive after three consecutive anti-VEGF treatment. Patients were divided into ischemic and
more » ... on-ischemic group according to ultra-wide-angle fundus fluorescein angiography (UWFFA). All patients underwent BCVA, IOP, color fundus photography, UWFFA and OCTA. The following parameters were measured: (1) Vessel density (VD): superficial and deep whole VD (SVD, DVD), superficial and deep central fovea VD (SFVD, DFVD), superficial and deep parafoveal VD (SPFVD, DPFVD); (2) Central foveal retinal thickness (CRT); (3) Area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ), perimeter of FAZ (PERIM), avascular index of FAZ (AI) and VD within a width of 300 microns around the FAZ region (FD-300). Comparison between ischemic and non-ischemic group was performed by two independent sample t-tests. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to measure the area under the curve (AUC) of VD for predicting ischemic CRVO. Results: There were no significant differences in IOP, SFVD, DFVD and CRT between ischemic and non-ischemic group, and significant differences in age, BCVA, SVD, SPFVD, DVD, DPFVD, FAZ area, PERIM, AI and FD-300 between ischemic and non-ischemic group. ROC curve analysis showed AUC of DVD and DPFVD in predicting ischemic CRVO was highest (0.962). the threshold was 38.40%, and the sensitivity was 100%, but the specificity of DVD (92.3%) was significantly higher than that of DPFVD (84.6%). Therefore, DVD ≤ 38.40% can be used as the best threshold for determining ischemic CRVO. Conclusion: OCTA can quantitatively evaluate the macular microvascular structure of CRVO, which is helpful to distinguish ischemic from non-ischemic CRVO.
doi:10.1186/s12886-022-02637-y fatcat:glfd2445xrg6vo26ye2kqdb54m