Tumor microenvironment-targeted poly-L-glutamic acid-based combination conjugate for enhanced triple negative breast cancer treatment

Juan J. Arroyo-Crespo, Ana Armiñán, David Charbonnier, Leandro Balzano-Nogueira, Francisco Huertas-López, Cristina Martí, Sonia Tarazona, Jerónimo Forteza, Ana Conesa, María J. Vicent
2018 Biomaterials  
A B S T R A C T The intrinsic characteristics of the tumor microenvironment (TME), including acidic pH and overexpression of hydrolytic enzymes, offer an exciting opportunity for the rational design of TME-drug delivery systems (DDS). We developed and characterized a pH-responsive biodegradable poly-L-glutamic acid (PGA)-based combination conjugate family with the aim of optimizing anticancer effects. We obtained combination conjugates bearing Doxorubicin (Dox) and aminoglutethimide (AGM) with
more » ... wo Dox loadings and two different hydrazone pHsensitive linkers that promote the specific release of Dox from the polymeric backbone within the TME. Low Dox loading coupled with a short hydrazone linker yielded optimal effects on primary tumor growth, lung metastasis (∼90% reduction), and toxicological profile in a preclinical metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) murine model. The use of transcriptomic analysis helped us to identify the molecular mechanisms responsible for such results including a differential immunomodulation and cell death pathways among the conjugates. This data highlights the advantages of targeting the TME, the therapeutic value of polymer-based combination approaches, and the utility of -omics-based analysis to accelerate anticancer DDS.
doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2018.09.023 pmid:30278346 fatcat:qpqllealuvczvfic4yjjorirqa