Ragini Dubey, Dr Ritu Pandey, Sonia Kaushal And Shiwanand Pandey Teaching Associate Department Of Family Resource Management, College Of Home Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University Of Agriculture And Technology1 Uttar Pradesh 208002 Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana
2022 Zenodo  
Household cleaning is an everyday activity. Cleaning is one of the major household tasks which involves considerable time and effort of the homemaker. The cleansing agents are primarily surfactants, which lower the surface tension of water, essentially making it 'wetter' so that it is less likely to stick to itself and more likely to interact with oil and grease and loosen them. These cleansers have several properties that aid in cleaning. Some reduce the hardness of the water; others tie up
more » ... al ions in the water, increase wetting ability, or emulsify fats. Some of the chemicals used in preparation of utensils cleansers many health and environmental problems. So there is a need to prepare and promote green home cleansers for minimizing health and environmental problems. Keeping this in mind two utensils cleansers were prepared in the laboratory using mostly home available ingredients was compared with three most popular commercial utensils cleansers in terms of their physico-chemical properties and cost-effectiveness. The results of the study revealed that the laboratory prepared utensils cleansers were better than selected commercial cleanser in terms of selected quality parameter viz. pH range, surface tension, foam stability, BOD, emulsion stability hard water test, hence making these eco-friendly and safe for aquatic life. Therefore these cleanser need to be prepared and promoted for wide spread use.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.7317856 fatcat:xjraro2bjfbpznqxwx4ek5cu4y