Clinico-Etiological Profile of Electrolyte Imbalance among Patients in a Government Hospital in Dakshina Kannada
International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research [IJCMR]
Hyponatremia is a state of electrolyte imbalance with a high prevalence rate, it is one of the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in our settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and etiology of hyponatremia in patients admitted in our government hospital. Material and methods: A 1-year prospective cross-sectional observational study was conducted on adult patients with moderate-to-severe hyponatremia admitted to the hospital. Patients demographics were
... aphics were recorded and investigations were documented. Data were analyzed using independent sample t-test. Results: Vomiting (28) followed by confusion (26) was the most common complaint. Confusion was significantly high in patients with severe hyponatremia as compared to patients with moderate. Increased urine sodium levels were observed in these patients Conclusion: Patients with hyponatremia secondary to an infectious cause should be meticulously screened and timely and effective treatment of hyponatremia is determined by the effective understanding of pathophysiology and associated risk factors of hyponatremia.