P-Wave Duration and Dispersion in Patients with Mitral Stenosis
Background: Mitral stenosis (MS) is related to prolonged inter- and intra-atrial electromechanical delays and increased P-wave dispersion. The objective of the current study was to investigate the correlation between the P-wave duration, P-wave dispersion (PWD), mitral stenosis (MS) and to explore the cut-off values for predicting the MS in the patients.Methods: We enrolled 62 patients with MS and sinus rhythm as test group, and 62 healthy subjects matched in age- and sex- were selected as
... re selected as control group. We conducted the 12-lead electrocardiogram and echocardiography for all the subjects. The maximum and the minimum P-wave duration and PWD were calculated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to demonstrate the correlation between P-wave duration and PWD and MS. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to detect the threshold of P-wave duration and PWD for predicting the MS.Results: There were significant differences in the left atrial diameter (45.00±5.78 vs. 32.31±4.24 cm2), pulmonary artery pressure (46.68±17.29 vs. 32.64±2.86 mm Hg), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (47.57±4.80 vs. 45.58±5.04 cm), ejection fraction (63.10±3.05 vs. 65.13±2.56%), aortic root inside diameter (29.60±3.50 vs. 31.58±3.58) and pulmonary trunk (24.17±2.78 vs. 22.23±1.77) values between the test group and the control group. Besides, the test subjects had significantly longer maximum P-wave duration (123.42±12.33 vs. 108.18±9.07) and larger P-wave dispersion (47.24±13.61 vs. 28.94±9.19). In the multivariate analysis, maximum P-wave duration (OR:1.221, 95% CI:1.126-1.324) and P-wave dispersion (OR:1.164, 95% CI:1.094-1.238) were correlated with the occurrence of MS. The optimal threshold for the maximum P-wave duration and PWD were 119.50ms, and 42.50ms, respectively, and the areas under the curve were 0.859 and 0.865, respectively. Conclusions: A longer P-wave duration and a higher PWD are correlated with the increased risk of MS progression.