New dramas for the theatre state: The shifting roles of ideological power sources in Balinese polities

John Schoenfelder
2004 World archaeology  
Geertz has described nineteenth-century Balinese states existing for and because of ceremony-an incomplete portrayal nonetheless pointing up the importance of ideology as a source of social power. But Bali has not been static; power strategies wax and wane as strategic choices respond to changes in a landscape of control opportunities shaped by multiple interacting ecological, economic, social, and perceptual systems. Ideological statements are made by village-level institutions, as well as by
more » ... ons, as well as by states. Reviewing textual, ethnographic, and archaeological evidence of power strategy changes over the last millennium provides a chance to discuss the causes and impacts of specific ideological messages being materialized in specific ways over time. As its focal case, this paper examines the ideological uses made of the Inscription of Manukaya at two different points in time. This stone demonstrates the co-option of forms and traditions: carved to serve the ideological aims of a king, it is now integrated into ceremonies that assert the autonomy and solidarity of local groups.
doi:10.1080/1468936042000282726812 fatcat:6mf37ptdwze7xmbp4elrnuap6e