A simple method of preparing pure states of an optical field, of implementing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen experiment, and of demonstrating the complementarity principle

D N Klyshko
1988 Soviet Physics Uspekhi  
A description is given of a device that periodically transforms a field from the vacuum state to a pure excited state that corresponds to the propagation of two correlated photons. It employs the phenomenon of parametric scattering, i.e., the emission of pairs of photons by a nonlinear crystal excited by a pulsed coherent pump under phase-matched conditions. In accordance with the wellknown Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen gedanken experiment, the device can be used to observe the correlation of either
more » ... relation of either the transverse momenta of the photons (when the two detectors are located in the far-field zone) or their transverse coordinates (when the detectors are in the near-field zone). The device may be of interest in photometry, and also from the methodological point of view as a clear demonstration of the EPR paradox and the complementarity of the transverse coordinate and momentum of a photon.
doi:10.1070/pu1988v031n01abeh002537 fatcat:tdajwsntjrcupcja2bxpbf4rxy