Uptake of Screening Mammogram in West-central Illinois During COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons Learned [post]

John Owoade Agboola, Oluwasola Stephen Ayosanmi, Maureen P. Bezold, Oluwatobi Mogbojuri
2022 unpublished
Objectives. The study aims to reveal the trend of mammogram uptake in seventeen rural counties in Illinois to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic is influencing breast cancer screening in the area.Methods. Aggregated data on mammography screening for west central Illinois was provided by the Illinois Hospital Association. Data for 2018 and 2019 was used to determine the typical monthly and annual screenings for the two years before the onset of COVID-19. Then, the two years' data was compared
more » ... o the 2020 data. The monthly mean values for the aggregated 2018 and 2019 data were generated as the base "year" to compare with the monthly value for 2020. Paired T-Test analysis was used to find if there were any statistically significant differences the years and between the base year and 2020.Results. January 2020 revealed an uptick to 2,921, which is more than the uptake for January 2018 (2700) and January 2019 (2488), and 13% greater than the mean value of 2,594 for the previous two years. This was followed by a gradual decrease in uptake in February 2020 by 4% compared to previous years at a mean of 2518 and a further decline in March (44%), with a drastic fall (98%) by April 2020 at 56 screening mammograms in all 17 counties. The lowest uptake in any three months occurred from March through May 2020. Compared to previous years, increase in uptake was noted across the region in 2020 June (8%) and July (4%) after the pandemic restrictions were relaxed. Overall, the total uptake in 2020 was 15% less than the average annual uptake for 2018-2019 with a deficit of 5,537. There was no statistically significant difference in mammogram uptake across the three years.Conclusion. The findings reveal that there was a significant reduction in uptake during the pandemic restriction period. However, increased uptake during the rest of the year effectively mitigated this reduction to such an extent that there was no statistically significant downturn compared to each of the previous two years. A rising trend in total annual uptake noted in preceding years could have continued without the COVID-19 event.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1157249/v1 fatcat:4irs75xolzd2zfamu3tdwjqovm