Prognostic Performance of Existing Scoring Systems among Critically Ill Patients Requiring Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: An Observational Study
Journal of Clinical Medicine
Among critical patients, few studies have evaluated the discrimination of current illness scoring systems in predicting outcomes after continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) initiation. Methods: Patients receiving CRRT in the ICU between 2005 and 2018 from the Chang Gung Research Database were extracted. All the components of the Acute Physiology Assessment and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), qSOFA, and MOSAIC scoring systems on days 1,
... and 7 of CRRT were recorded. Patients older than 80 years were identified and analyzed separately. Results: We identified 3370 adult patients for analysis. The discrimination ability of the scoring systems was acceptable at day 7 after CRRT initiation, including SOFA (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 74.1% (95% confidence interval, 71.7–76.5%)), APACHEIII (74.7% (72.3–77.1%)), and MOSAIC (71.3% (68.8%–73.9%)). These systems were not ideal on days 1 and 3, and that of qSOFA was poor at any time point. The discrimination performance was slightly better among patients ≥80 years. Conclusions: APACHE III, MOSAIC, and SOFA can be intensivists and families' reference to make their decision of withdrawing or withholding CRRT after a short period of treatment, especially in adults ≥80 years old.