Protein prenylation and Hsp40 in thermotolerance of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites [article]

Emily S Mathews, Andrew J Jezewski, Audrey R Odom John
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
During its complex life cycle, the malaria parasite survives dramatic changes in environmental temperature. Protein prenylation is required during asexual replication of Plasmodium falciparum, and heat shock protein 40 (HSP40; PF3D7_1437900) is post-translationally modified with a 15-carbon farnesyl isoprenyl group. In other organisms, farnesylation of Hsp40 orthologs controls its localization and function, including temperature stress survival. In this work, we find that plastidial isopentenyl
more » ... stidial isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) synthesis and protein farnesylation are required for malaria parasite survival after cold and heat shock. Furthermore, loss of HSP40 farnesylation alters its membrane attachment and interaction with proteins involved in crucial biological processes, such as glycolysis and cytoskeletal organization. Together, this work reveals that farnesylation of HSP40 in P. falciparum is a novel essential function of plastidial isoprenoid biosynthesis. We propose a model by which farnesyl-HSP40 promotes parasite thermotolerance and facilitates vesicular trafficking through its interaction with client proteins.
doi:10.1101/842468 fatcat:t72xjlrlsjfsfbim4ldgfykrlu