Design and Optimization of a Linear Wavenumber Spectrometer with Cylindrical Optics for Line Scanning Optical Coherence Tomography

Sevin Samadi, Javad Dargahi, Sivakumar Narayanswamy
2021 Sensors  
We report the design of a high-efficiency spectral-domain spectrometer with cylindrical optics for line scanning optical coherence tomography (OCT). The spectral nonlinearity in k space (wavenumber) lowers the depth-dependent signal sensitivity of the spectrometers. For linearizing, in this design, grating and prism have been introduced. For line scanning, a cylindrical mirror is utilized in the scanning part. Line scanning improves the speed of imaging compared to fly-spot scanning. Line
more » ... ng OCT requires a spectrometer that utilizes cylindrical optics. In this work, an optical design of a linear wavenumber spectrometer with cylindrical optics is introduced. While there are many works using grating and prism to linearize the K space spectrometer design, there is no work on linearizing the k-space spectrometer with cylindrical optics for line scanning that provides high sensitivity and high-speed imaging without the need for resampling. The design of the spectrometer was achieved through MATLAB and ZEMAX simulations. The spectrometer design is optimized for the broadband light source with a center wavelength of 830 ± 100 nm (8.607 μm−1− 6.756 μm−1 in k-space). The variation in the output angle with respect to the wavenumber can be mentioned as a nonlinearity error. From our design results, it is observed that the nonlinearity error reduced from 147.0115 to 0.0149 Δθ*μm within the wavenumber range considered. The use of the proposed reflective optics for focusing reduces the chromatic aberration and increases image quality (measured by the Strehl ratio (SR)). The complete system will provide clinicians a powerful tool for real-time diagnosis, treatment, and guidance in surgery with high image quality for in-vivo applications.
doi:10.3390/s21196463 pmid:34640783 fatcat:2ugclqi6ozcvbndthb37clw2xy