Inhibition of Apoptosis by Amphiregulin via an Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor-dependent Pathway in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Lines
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Several abnormalities in the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) and erbB receptors pathways stimulate the growth and survival of lung cancer cells, but their mechanisms of action and cooperation are poorly understood. In this report, we have identified a new mechanism of apoptosis inhibition by amphiregulin through an IGF1dependent survival pathway in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells: amphiregulin activates the IGF1 receptor that in turn induces the secretion of amphiregulin and IGF1.
... iregulin and IGF1. In the absence of serum, the NSCLC cell line H358 resists apoptosis and secretes factors protecting the NSCLC cell line H322 from serum deprivation apoptosis. IGF1 receptor inhibitor AG1024 as well as epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors AG556 and ZD1839 restore apoptosis in H322 cells cultured in H358-conditioned medium. Accordingly, the anti-apoptotic activity of H358-conditioned medium is completely abolished after incubation with anti-amphiregulin neutralizing antibody and only partially with anti-IGF1 neutralizing antibody. H358-conditioned medium and amphiregulin induce IGF1 receptor phosphorylation in H322 cells, which is prevented by anti-amphiregulin neutralizing antibody but not by AG556 or ZD1839. H358 cells secrete a high level of amphiregulin that, in combination with IGF1, prevents serum deprivation apoptosis. Finally, IGF1 receptor inhibitor blocks amphiregulin and IGF1 release by H358 cells.