Inside and outside the dry stone walls: revisiting the material culture of Great Zimbabwe

Shadreck Chirikure, Innocent Pikirayi
2008 Antiquity  
'Any study of Great Zimbabwe has to rely a great deal on re-examining and re-assessing the work of early investigators, the men who removed all the most important finds from the ruins and stripped them of so much of their deposits' (Garlake 1973: 14). The authors have here done us a great service in reviewing the surviving archaeological evidence from this world famous site. They challenge the structuralist interpretation – in which different parts of the site were allocated to kings, priests,
more » ... to kings, priests, wives or to circumcision rituals – and use the architectural, stratigraphic and artefactual evidence accumulated over the years to present a new sequence. The early enclosures on the hill, the Great Enclosure and the valley enclosures now appear as the work of successive rulers, each founding a new residence and power centre in accord with Shona practice.
doi:10.1017/s0003598x00097726 fatcat:g77m2jnqp5grbmbwd3jkd7ctpa