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The following contribution addresses several issues concerning speech degrees of freedom in French oral vowels, stop, and fricative consonants based on an analysis of tongue and lip shapes extracted from cineradio-and labio-films. The midsagittal tongue shapes have been submitted to a linear decomposition where some of the loading factors were selected such as jaw and larynx position while four other components were derived from principal component analysis ͑PCA͒. For the lips, in addition todoi:10.1121/1.1361090 pmid:11386568 fatcat:ztoosk7vgzeefa46vaq5oet2ai