Discovery of a Lyα-emitting Dark Cloud within the z ∼ 2.8 SMM J02399-0136 System

Qiong Li, Zheng Cai, J. Xavier Prochaska, Fabrizio Arrigoni Battaia, R. J. Ivison, Edith Falgarone, Sebastiano Cantalupo, Mateusz Matuszewski, James Don Neill, Ran Wang, Chris Martin, Anna Moore
2019 Astrophysical Journal  
We present Keck/KCWI integral field spectrograph observations of the complex system surrounding SMM J02399$-$0136 (a lensed $z=2.8$ sub-mm galaxy), including an associated Ly$\rm \alpha$ nebula, a dust-obscured, broad-absorption-line quasar, and neighboring galaxies. At a 3$\sigma$ surface brightness contour of 1.6$\times$ 10$^{-17}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ arcsec$^{-2}$, the Ly$\rm \alpha$ nebula extends over 17 arcsec ($\gtrsim 140$ physical kpc) and has a total Ly$\rm \alpha$ luminosity of
more » ... a$ luminosity of $2.5 \times 10^{44} \, \rm erg \, s^{-1}$ (uncorrected for lensing). The nebula exhibits a kinematic shear of $\sim$ 1000 km s$^{-1}$ over 100 pkpc with lowest velocities east of SMM J02399$-$0136 and increasing to the southwest. We also discover a bright, Ly$\rm \alpha$ emitter, separated spatially and kinematically from the nebula, at a projected separation of $\approx$60 kpc from the quasar. This source has no clear central counterpart in deep $Hubble \, Space \, Telescope$ imaging, giving an intrinsic Ly$\rm \alpha$ rest-frame equivalent width greater than 312 $ \rm \mathring{A}$ (5-$\sigma$). We argue that this 'dark cloud' is illuminated by the quasar with a UV flux that is orders of magnitude brighter than the emission along our sightline. This result confirms statistical inferences that luminous quasars at $z>2$ emit UV radiation anisotropically. Future KCWI observations of other lines, e.g. Ly$\rm \beta$, He$\rm _{II}$, C$\rm _{IV}$, etc, and with polarimetry will further reveal the origin of the Ly$\rm \alpha$ nebula and nature of the dark cloud.
doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab0e6f fatcat:245kwnovz5hjznzwycu7typvba