Gamma irradiation affects the total phenol, anthocyanin and antioxidant properties in three different persian pistachio nuts

Mohammad Akbari, Mostafa Farajpour, Mostafa Aalifar, Mohammad Sadat Hosseini
2017 Figshare  
The effects of gamma irradiation (GR) on total phenol, anthocyanin and antioxidant activity were investigated in three different Persian pistachio nuts at doses of 0, 1, 2 and 4 kGy. The antioxidant activity, as determined by FRAP and DPPH methods, revealed a significant increase in the 1–2 kGy dose range. Total phenol content (TPC) revealed a similar pattern or increase in this range. However, when radiation was increased to 4 kGy, TPC in all genotypes decreased. A radiation dose of 1 kGy had
more » ... dose of 1 kGy had no significant effect on anthocyanin content of Kale-Ghouchi (K) and Akbari (A) genotypes, while it significantly increased the anthocyanin content in the Ghazvini (G) genotype. In addition, increasing the radiation to 4 kGy significantly increased the anthocyanin content of K and G genotypes. To conclude, irradiation could increase the phenolic content, anthocyanin and antioxidant activity of pistachio nuts.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.5165908 fatcat:d33r5clpz5d4fkqvb5okxljwxu