Role of hypothalamic inputs in maintaining pituitary-adrenal responsiveness in repeated restraint

D. Zelena, Z. Mergl, A. Földes, K. J. Kovács, Z. Tóth, G. B. Makara
2003 American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism  
Role of hypothalamic inputs in maintaining pituitary-adrenal responsiveness in repeated restraint. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 285: E1110-E1117, 2003; 10.1152/ ajpendo.00219.2003.-The role of hypothalamic structures in the regulation of chronic stress responses was studied by lesioning the mediobasal hypothalamus or the paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (PVH). Rats were acutely (60 min) and/or repeatedly (for 7 days) restrained. In controls, a single restraint elevated the plasma
more » ... orticotropin (ACTH), corticosterone, and prolactin levels. Repeated restraint produced all signs of chronic stress, including decreased body and thymus weights, increased adrenal weight, basal corticosterone levels, and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA expression in the anterior pituitary. Some adaptation to repeated restraint of the ACTH response, but not of other hormonal responses, was seen. Lesioning of the mediobasal hypothalamus abolished the hormonal response and POMC mRNA activation to acute and/or repeated restraint, suggesting that the hypothalamo-pituitaryadrenal axis activation during repeated restraint is centrally driven. PVH lesion inhibited the ACTH and corticosterone rise to the first restraint by ϳ50%. In repeatedly restrained rats with PVH lesion, the ACTH response to the last restraint was reduced almost to basal control levels, and the elevation of POMC mRNA level was prevented. PVH seems to be important for the repeated restraint-induced ACTH and POMC mRNA stimulation, but it appears to partially mediate other restraintinduced hormonal changes.
doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00219.2003 pmid:14534078 fatcat:25x2gukbnjgoridti6qb7b5ufa