Evidence for nitroxidergic innervation in monkey ophthalmic arteries in vivo and in vitro

Kazuhide Ayajiki, Toshiki Tanaka, Tomio Okamura, Noboru Toda
2000 American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology  
Ayajiki, Kazuhide, Toshiki Tanaka, Tomio Okamura, and Noboru Toda. Evidence for nitroxidergic innervation in monkey ophthalmic arteries in vivo and in vitro. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 279: H2006-H2012, 2000.-In anesthetized monkeys, electrical stimulation (ES) of the pterygopalatine or geniculate ganglion dilated the ipsilateral ophthalmic artery (OA). The induced vasodilatation was unaffected by phentolamine but potentiated by atropine. Intravenous N G -nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) abolished
more » ... the response, which was restored by L-arginine. Hexamethonium-abolished vasodilator responses induced solely by geniculate ganglionic stimulation. The L-NNA constricted OA; L-arginine reversed the effect. Destruction of the pterygopalatine ganglion constricted the ipsilateral artery. Helical strips of OA isolated under deep anesthesia from monkeys, denuded of endothelium, responded to transmural ES with relaxations, which were abolished by tetrodotoxin and L-NNA but were potentiated by atropine. It is concluded that neurogenic vasodilatation of monkey OA is mediated by nerve-derived nitric oxide (NO), and the nerve is originated from the ipsilateral pterygopalatine ganglion that is innervated by cholinergic neurons from the brain stem via the geniculate ganglion. The OA appears to be dilated by mediation of NO continuously liberated from nerves that receive tonic discharges from the vasomotor center. Acetylcholine liberated from postganglionic cholinergic nerves would impair the release of neurogenic NO. nitric oxide; pterygopalatine ganglion; denervation of vasodilator nerve
doi:10.1152/ajpheart.2000.279.4.h2006 pmid:11009491 fatcat:gsjkohuspzb4hfum4tisr47tui