Virtual sensor based Feedback Active Noise Control for neonates in NICU

Veena S, Pavithra S, Lokesha H, Narasimhan S.V, Neha V More
2013 2013 International Conference on Emerging Trends in Communication, Control, Signal Processing and Computing Applications (C2SPCA)  
In this paper, a novel approach based on Feedback Active Noise Control with Virtual sensing has been proposed to reduce the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) noise for infants in incubator. In NICU, the noise is due to infant monitoring medical equipments located in the vicinity of incubators. To address this, the algorithms in the literature are based on feedforward approach which requires a good reference to achieve effective attenuation. In an NICU environment, these algorithms require
more » ... than one reference microphone, which increases the complexity of the algorithm. This is eliminated by the proposed Feedback Active Noise Control approach as it generates its own reference from the error signal. The baby's ears must fall in the zone of silence (ZOS) to ensure noise reduction at its ears. But the volume of ZOS is inversely proportional to noise frequency and for frequencies above 1 KHz the ZOS is less than an inch. This constraint is overcome by the virtual sensing technique, which focuses the ZOS at baby's ears. The algorithm is evaluated with noise record from Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and it has resulted in 7dB more reduction at the baby's ears compared to existing algorithms.
doi:10.1109/c2spca.2013.6749425 fatcat:tbcroboysjhb7co5g2femmsybe