Robust quantum logic in neutral atoms via adiabatic Rydberg dressing

Tyler Keating, Robert L. Cook, Aaron M. Hankin, Yuan-Yu Jau, Grant W. Biedermann, Ivan H. Deutsch
2015 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We study a scheme for implementing a controlled-Z (CZ) gate between two neutral-atom qubits based on the Rydberg blockade mechanism in a manner that is robust to errors caused by atomic motion. By employing adiabatic dressing of the ground electronic state, we can protect the gate from decoherence due to random phase errors that typically arise because of atomic thermal motion. In addition, the adiabatic protocol allows for a Doppler-free configuration that involves counterpropagating lasers in
more » ... opagating lasers in a $\sigma_+/\sigma_-$ orthogonal polarization geometry that further reduces motional errors due to Doppler shifts. The residual motional error is dominated by dipole-dipole forces acting on doubly-excited Rydberg atoms when the blockade is imperfect. For reasonable parameters, with qubits encoded into the clock states of $^{133}$Cs, we predict that our protocol could produce a CZ gate in $<10$ $\mu$s with error probability on the order of $10^{-3}$.
doi:10.1103/physreva.91.012337 fatcat:e7mefxlp4zdh3fefctp2zpp3g4