Characteristics of plant communities containing rare conifers in Poyang Lake Basin, China
FANG Quan, LIU Yi-Zhen, and GE Gang
Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology
鄱阳湖流域含珍稀针叶树种的群落特征 方 全 刘以珍 葛 刚 * 南昌大学生命科学学院鄱阳湖环境与资源利用教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022 摘 要 亚热带分布有众多珍稀针叶树种, 珍稀针叶植物的保护与濒危机制研究受到广泛关注。为了解鄱阳湖流域天然森林 植被中珍稀针叶树种的分布及其生存状况, 对其所在的植物群落进行调查。调查采用样方法, 样方面积20 m × 20 m, 记录样 方信息、群落物种组成及数量特征, 计算物种重要值, 分析了群落的类型及结构特征。样方分布于鄱阳湖流域内南岭山地、 罗宵山脉、武夷山脉、黄山山脉、九岭山脉。论文提供了23组详细的群落样方数据, 11种珍稀针叶树种分布于14个不同群系 中, 珍稀针叶植物多以共建种或伴生种出现在群落中, 以针叶树为优势种的群系有南方红豆杉(Taxus wallichiana var. mairei) 林、黄杉(Pseudotsuga sinensis)林、福建柏(Fokienia hodginsii)林、榧树(Torreya grandis)林。 关键词 鄱阳湖流域; 珍稀针叶植物; 群落结构; 样方数据 引用格式: 方全,
... 珍, 葛刚 (2016). 鄱阳湖流域含珍稀针叶树种的群落特征. 植物生态学报, 40, 952-957. Abstract The endangerment mechanism of rare conifer species is a very critical problem in conservation biodiversity. Thus, the studies on the protection of the rare and endangered coniferous trees have received extensive attention. The objective of this study was to understand the survival and distribution of the rare coniferous tree species in natural forests of the Poyang Lake Basin. Field investigations on plant communities were conducted in 21 plots from Oct. 2014 to Oct. 2015. These plots were distributed in the Nanling Mountains, Luoxiao Mountains, Wuyi Mountains, Huangshan Mountains, and Jiuling Mountain. The dimensions of each plot were 20 m × 20 m. Community species composition and quantitative characteristics in each plot were recorded. The importance values of trees, shrubs and herbs were computed, respectively. The community types and structural properties were analyzed. A total of 23 sets of community sampling data were obtained in details. A number of 11 species of rare conifers were found in 14 different formations. Rare conifer trees mainly occurred in the communities as co-edificatos or companion species. The formations included Form. Taxus wallichiana var. mairei, Form. Pseudotsuga sinensis, Form. Fokienia hodginsii and Form. Torreya grandis, where the dominant species was coniferous trees. In conclusion, our study provides valuable field investigation data of rare coniferous in Poyang Lake basin, which could provide insight into the protection and management of these species.