A Hospital-Based Clinical Study of Herpes Zoster- A report of 113 cases

Dr. Pankaj Adhicari, Dr. Kumud Agarwal
2017 IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences  
Herpes zoster is caused by "varicella zoster virus"a neurodermotropic virus which is distributed worldwide. It is characterized by unilateral radicular pain and grouped vesicular eruption that is generally limited to the dermatome innervated by a single spinal or cranial sensory ganglion. A prospective observational study was conducted in the Assam over a period of 1 year from July 2013 to June 2014. During this period 113 clinically diagnosed cases of Herpes Zoster attending Dermatology OPD
more » ... Dermatology OPD were included in the Study. A detailed history was taken and clinical evaluation was done. Relevant investigations were carried out whenever necessary and the findings were recorded in a proforma for analysis and interpretation of data. The occurrence of herpes zoster amongst OPD cases was recorded to be 0.51%. The herpes zoster cases included 71 males and 42 females and the male: female ratio was 1.69:1. Maximum number of cases was seen in patients from 31-40 years of age (28; 24.78%). A definite positive past history of chicken pox was present in (90; 79.65%). Thoracic dermatome was the most common dermatome to be involved (51; 45.13%).
doi:10.9790/0853-1601093338 fatcat:kpqwp4mernazpjpudjuq2rfpcq