Determinants of Non-Performing Loans and Non-Performing Financing level: Evidence in Indonesia 2008-2021

M. Safar Nasir, Yolanda Oktaviani, Nur Andriyani
2022 Banks and Bank Systems  
Banking stability plays an important role as an intermediary in the economy. Both the economy and the banking sector affect each other. This study aims to investigate the effect and response of external variables and internal bank variables on Non-Performing Loans at Conventional Commercial Banks and Non-Performing Financing at Islamic Commercial Banks. This study uses macroeconomic variables such as economic growth and inflation, while a bank's internal variables include the Loan to Deposit
more » ... io, Financing to Deposit Ratio, and Capital Buffer. This study employs Vector Autoregressive Regression (VAR) to examine the time series data. The results showed that the variable Economic Growth at lag-1, Loan to Deposit Ratio at lag-1, and Capital Buffer at lag-2 significantly affect Non-Performing Loans. While the variable that has a significant effect on Non-Performing Financing is only Economic Growth at lag-1. In addition, as can be seen from the Impulse Response Function curve, Non-Performing Financing tends to be more stable toward shocks from the variables used than Non-Performing Loans. The findings suggest that banks are encouraged to be more selective in loan disbursement and maintain minimal capital adequacy by taking into account the principle of prudence and referring to the bank's health criteria.
doi:10.21511/bbs.17(4).2022.10 fatcat:vrtccy7xlrgqrptrtvemo7bwxm