Effects of Rock Mass Conditions and Blasting Standard on Fragmentation Size at Limestone Quarries

Takashi Sasaoka, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Wahyudi Sugeng, Akihiro Hamanaka, Hideki Shimada, Kikuo Matsui, Shiro Kubota
2015 Open Journal of Geology  
The size distribution of fragmented rocks depends on not only the blasting standard but also the mechanical properties, joint system and crack density of rock mass. As, especially, the cracks in the rock mass are heavily developed at the limestone quarries in Japan, the joints and/or cracks in the rock mass have big impacts on the blasting effects such as the size of fragmented rocks. Therefore, if the joint system and/or crack density in the rock mass can be known and evaluated in quantity,
more » ... blasting operation can be done more effectively, efficiency and safety. However, the guideline for designing the appropriate blasting standard based on the rock mass condition such as mechanical properties, joint system and/or distribution of cracks, discontinuities, from the scientific point of view, has not been developed yet. Therefore, a series of blasting tests had been conducted in different mines and faces, geological conditions and blasting standards in order to know the impacts of each factor on the blasting effects. This paper summarizes the results of blasting tests and describes the impacts of rock mass conditions and blasting standard on the size of fragmented rocks.
doi:10.4236/ojg.2015.55030 fatcat:apzgk7lagzfupbjxoesyh7mlku