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1998 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.98TH8339)
Future space missions are required to deliver significant results with new technology and substantially reduced development cost and schedule. Among the first of the recent Faster, Eletter, Cheaper (FE3C) missions for Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) was launched to Mars on November 7, 1996 after spending $148M and 27 months in development. A phoenix risen from the ashes of Mars Observer (MO), MGS combineddoi:10.1109/aero.1998.685859 fatcat:swhssflkyjfcralekmdwxmnpyi