Air Quality during Covid-19 Lockdown

Gabriele Donzelli, Lorenzo Cioni, Mariagrazia Cancellieri, Agustin Llopis-Morales, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
2021 Encyclopedia  
Air pollution exposure is one of the greatest risks to health worldwide. It is estimated to be responsible for about 4.2 million deaths around the world every year owing to many serious diseases such as heart disease, stroke, acute and chronic respiratory diseases, and lung cancer. The WHO guideline limits are exceeded in several areas around the world, and it is estimated that about 90% of the world's population is exposed to high air pollution levels, especially in low- and middle-income
more » ... ries. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced governments to implement severe mobility restriction measures to limit the spread of the virus. This represented a unique opportunity to study the impact of mobility on urban air quality. Several studies which have investigated the relations between the quality of the air and such containment measures have shown the significant reduction of the main pollutants in the urban environment so to encourage the adoption of new approaches for the improvement of the quality of air in the cities. The aims of this entry are both a brief analysis and a discussion of the results presented in several papers to understand the relationships between COVID-19 containment measures and air quality in urban areas.
doi:10.3390/encyclopedia1030043 doaj:3354dfce7bc046deb3c5084d4c0ac8e7 fatcat:p4jywsbh6ngvxligbfkl5hhs4y