Impact of IFRS Transition Complexity on Audit and Non-Audit Fees: Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Listed Companies in Finland
Social Science Research Network
impact of ifrS transition on audit and non-audit fees: evidence from small and medium-sized listed companies in finland abStract This study focuses on fees paid to auditors during a major accounting change associated with extra audit risk and work. Specifically, we analyse how a major accounting change from local GAAP to IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) affects the audit and non-audit fees paid to auditors. Prior research had evidenced that several auditee-specific properties
... pecific properties are associated with audit fees. However, there is lack of specific knowledge on how a major accounting change affects audit and, especially, non-audit fees. Our sample comprises Finnish listed firms that adopted IFRS for the first-time. The Finn-We are grateful to Authorized Public Accountant (APA) Antti Fredriksson, Pasi Horsmanheimo, Markku Rahiala, Petri Sahlström, Mikko Zerni, and Tiina Visakorpi for discussions, comments, and suggestions. Special thanks are due to APA Pekka Pajamo, who donated his experience and time and helped us to sharpen our views of domestic auditing practise and legislation. We are also grateful for comments by participants at the 31 st EAA (European Accounting Association) annual congress in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and the two anonymous referees. We also thank Thomson Financial for providing the stock market data. Markku Vieru (Adjunct Professor at the University of Oulu) would like to thank the Department of Accounting and Finance at the University of Oulu for excellent working support and conditions. Otso Halsti is acknowledged for research assistance. The authors are solely responsible for the final interpretations. LTA 1 / 1 0 • M . V i e r u A n d H . S c H A d e w i T z ish data are employed since prior research findings suggest that there are large differences between Finnish accounting standards (FAS) and IFRS anticipating extra audit risk and work at the accounting move. Therefore, it is highly likely that extensive supply for audit and non-audit services during the transition from FAS to IFRS would occur. When taking into account several control variables, in line with prior research, our analyses based on unique, hand-collected data provide evidence that a company with a high FAS-IFRS disparity is associated with more costly non-audit services during the transition phase than one with low disparity. Furthermore, the results reveal that audit fees, where audit markets are more competitive, are not significantly related to the magnitude of IFRS adjustments. Overall, the research findings inform, among other things, audit firms and their clients about the type and the level of costs incurred during a major accounting change.