Structural requirements for simian virus 40 replication and virion maturation

R Schirmbeck, A von der Weth, W Deppert
1993 Journal of Virology  
The nuclear matrix plays an important role in simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication in vivo, since functional replication complexes containing large T and replicating SV40 minichromosomes are anchored to this structure (R. Schirmbeck and W. Deppert, J. Virol. 65:2578-2588 , 1991 ). In the present study, we have analyzed the course of events leading from nuclear matrix-associated replicating SV40 minichromosomes to fully replicated minichromosomes and, further, to their encapsidation into
more » ... sidation into mature SV40 virions. Pulse-chase experiments revealed that newly replicated SV40 minichromosomes accumulated at the nuclear matrix and were directly encapsidated into DNase-resistant SV40 virions at this nuclear structure. Alternatively, a small fraction of newly replicated minichromosomes left the nuclear matrix to associate with the cellular chromatin. During the course of infection, progeny virions continuously were released from the nuclear matrix to the cellular chromatin and into the cytoplasm-nucleoplasm. The bulk of SV40 progeny virions, however, remained at the nuclear matrix until virus-induced cell lysis.
doi:10.1128/jvi.67.2.894-901.1993 fatcat:lxtygapfjjczxo5m3ekc36btlu