Fatty Acids Extraction from Algae- Chlorella Vulgaris

Dr. Ramesh Malothu, JNTU Kakinada
2020 International Journal of Engineering Research and  
Chlorella is a single-celled, spherical shaped, flagellate organism which is about 2 to 10um diameter. It contains green photosynthetic pigments viz. chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b in its chloroplast. Through photosynthesis, it multiplies rapidly by utilizing only carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and a small number of minerals to reproduce. Chlorella transforms inorganic matter to organic matter by using natural light via photosynthesis, at suitable growing conditions. It contains expert
more » ... ntains expert proteins, chlorophyll, dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, nucleic acids and phytonutrients that are advantageous to the humans. Growth and harvest of chlorella vulgaris in the closed and open pond system was done for the production of fatty acids. Growth was optimized at different parameters like temperature, pH, light, intensity, aeration, and medium in both open and closed pond system. For closed pond system chlorella vulgaris was cultivated in three different media like Bg11, TAP, N8. In both open and closed pond system, lipids were extracted using lipid extraction methods and the fatty acids were extracted by using methylation or esterification method.
doi:10.17577/ijertv9is070044 fatcat:xfzo62fsojewhet7rhy3rq77ci