A Marr's Three‐Level Analytical Framework for Neuromorphic Electronic Systems

Yunpeng Guo, Xiaolong Zou, Yifan Hu, Yifei Yang, Xinxin Wang, Yuhan He, Ruikai Kong, Yuzheng Guo, Guoqi Li, Wei Zhang, Si Wu, Huanglong Li
2021 Advanced Intelligent Systems  
The human brain is a powerful natural information processing system that has evolved over millions of years. The earliest concept of the brain and the attention to its inner workings dated to the time of ancient civilization. [1] Modern neuroscience has revealed that the human brain contains roughly the same number of neurons as there are stars in the Milky Way galaxy and 1,000 times more synapses. [2] With such staggering complexity, it is no surprise that the details of the brain mechanisms
more » ... e still largely unknown and the brain still remains a "black box" to be deciphered. In the past few decades, the research advances of neuroscience have shed new light on the "black box." [3] ince roughly the same period of time of the earliest attempt to understand the brain, [1] there have already been many depictions of devices resembling animals and humans. [4] Although the key role of the brain in human intelligence might not have been recognized at that time, artificial brains have been the indispensable components of modern intelligent machines that can learn, adapt, interact with the environment, and perform human-like (or even human-level) tasks. The modern concept of such artificial intelligent system began to be developed with the onset of the Industrial Revolution, which allowed the use of complex mechanics. Later, electronics evolved into the driving force of its development. [4] ailed as the world's first electronic brain, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) came online in
doi:10.1002/aisy.202100054 fatcat:q5eqa2kiujaj7bjxcxiefgoyvi