Desorption of Arsenic from Calcareous Mine Affected Soils by Phosphate Fertilizers Application in Relation to Soil Properties and as Partitioning

Ioannis Zafeiriou, Dionisios Gasparatos, Georgios Kalyvas, Dafni Ioannou, Ioannis Massas
2019 Soil Systems  
The ability of fertilizer phosphates to desorb arsenates from soils is not yet adequately studied especially in cases of mining lands severely contaminated with arsenic (As). In this study two soils with different physicochemical properties and heavily contaminated with As equilibrated with solutions containing various rates of phosphates either in the form of triple superphosphate fertilizer (TSP) or as NH4H2PO4 using NaNO3 as background electrolyte. A treatment with TSP in water was also
more » ... ed to mimic agronomic practices. In general, increased P rates resulted in higher As release and to lower P sorption. Depending on the P rate, desorbed As ranged between 8 and 64.4 mg/kg for soil 1 and between 16.5 and 35.3 mg/kg for soil 2, corresponding to more than 50% of the potentially available As, as defined by the sum of the two first fractions of Wenzel sequential extraction scheme. Arsenic desorption patterns substantially differ between the two soils, mainly affected by active carbonates, organic matter and Fe and Al oxides contents. Though the differences between P treatments were not always significant, the presence of NaNO3 increased the desorbing strength of the solutions. P sorption capacity was high for both soils, but excess P addition led to high P concentrations in the equilibrium solutions, implying leaching hazard.
doi:10.3390/soilsystems3030054 fatcat:jrierjzibngfhf4ip7ftqaxejy