Original Article Effects of the command and mixed styles on student learning in primary education

Maria Cuellar-Moreno
2016 Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES)   unpublished
Problem Statement: Since Dr. Muska Mosston published the book Teaching Physical Education in 1966, Teaching Style principles have been applied to all disciplines. The fifth edition demonstrated that the effective teacher must master different Teaching Styles and know how to apply them after establishing a prior analysis of the situation, because this conditions the relationship between pedagogical elements. However, in Physical Education, Teaching Styles tend to focus to a greater extent on the
more » ... faculty and they do not respond to the requirements of Physical Education programs, with direct instruction as the model, which is mainly associated with the conductive theory of learning and which is the most commonly used model in teaching techniques and motor skills. Aims and methods: This article investigates the influence of Teaching Styles on Physical Education, specifically on 12 sessions of dance lessons. The sample consists of 159 students with a control group (n=80, Command) and an experimental group (n=79, mixed Reciprocal and Guided Discovery Teaching Styles). Learning rate, technique, cognitive skills, pre-and post-lesson assessment, student attention and satisfaction, and appropriate or inappropriate behaviors were measured during the teaching and learning process. Results: The experimental group scored significantly higher in attention, satisfaction and appropriate behaviors. Conclusions: These findings indicate that a more varied use of Teaching Styles could improve student involvement and satisfaction and provide a better response to the requirements of Physical Education curricular programs. Thus, the teacher should be familiar with the Teaching Styles, and how to properly combine them and transform them in order to create new Teaching Styles and achieve the intended learning objectives.