Subjective Comfort, Coping-Strategies, and Types of Accentuations of Personality of Russian and Indonesian University Students
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University
This article introduces a comparative study of subjective comfort, coping-strategies, and types of accentuations of the personalities of Russian and Indonesian university students. The research employed the scale of subjective comfort assessment by A. Leonova, coping-test by R. Lazarus, and a test-questionnaire by G. Schmieschek and K. Leonhard. The experiment included 30 Russian and 30 Indonesian students (mean age – 20,5). The research revealed general qualities and differences between
... ors of types of personality accentuations and ways of mastering stress. The students appeared to have no significant distinctions on the level of subjective comfort, which was normal. The Indonesian students distanced themselves and used self-control while facing stress more than Russian students. The most expressed types of personality accentuation of the Russian students were emotivity, demonstrativeness, and exaltation. As for the Indonesian students, it was pedantry. The subjective comfort of the Russian students had four interrelations with types of personality aссentuation, i.e. direct interrelations with emotive personality aссentuation and demonstrative and negative interrelations with obsessive and dysthymic personality aссentuations. There were three connections with coping-strategies, i.e. direct interrelations with "planning" and "positive reevaluation" strategies and an inverse one – with "fleeing" strategy. The subjective comfort of the Indonesian students had four interrelations with types of personality aссentuations: direct interrelations with hyperthymic and demonstrative aссentuations and an inverse one – with excitable and emotive. They had two interrelations with coping-strategies: inverse interrelations with "distancing" and "fleeing" strategies. The results proved the interdependence of subjective comfort and personal traits and the formed ways of mastering stress. The data obtained can be used in programs for coping-resource development in students.