Effect of Aerobic Training and Resistance Training on Blood Pressure in Indian: Systematic Review
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Hypertension is a public health concern due to its magnitude, risks, difficulty in management, high medical and social costs and severe cardiovascular and renal complications. The number of deaths due to hypertension as primary cause was estimated to be over 7 million in 2002, approximately 13% of all reported deaths. Hypertensive adults will reach 1. billion by 2025; around 30% of the world population. Hypertension (HTN) is emerging as public health problems in various ethnic groups in the
... loping countries like India. Prevalence of hypertension has been found to be increasing in epidemic proportions in urban, rural and tribal population of India. Objective: To systematically review and report the articles from India in aerobic and resistance exercise on blood pressure. Methodology: Study was done on February 2016 in Google Scholar using search terms 'Aerobic' AND 'Resistance' AND 'Blood pressure' AND 'India'. 4 articles were identified for this review based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Studies were at least 6 weeks duration with 60-85% HRmax of intensity for 30-40 min duration. Total of 130 subjects participated with median of 10 subjects. The results suggest that there was mean reduction of -5.02 mmHg in SBP and -3.142 mmHg in DBP in aerobic training group and also there was reduction of -3.015 mmHg in SBP and -1.415 mmHg in DBP in resistance training group. Conclusion: The present review conclude that aerobic exercise training reduce the blood pressure more as compared to resistance training in Indians.