Labour-Use Differential among Mechanized and non Mechanized rice Farmers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science
This paper examined the savings and utilization of labour among rice farmers using non-mechanized and mechanized system of farm operations. Data were collected from a randomly sample of 132 farmers (66 non-mechanized and 66 mechanized) and analyzed using gross margin and regression analysis. The result revealed that non-mechanized farmers employed a mean total of 60 labourers and utilized 898.49 man-hours per hectare. While the mechanized farmers employed a mean total of 35 labourers and
... abourers and utilized 372.30 manhours per hectare. A total mean of 25 labourers, 526.19 man-hours labour and a labour cost of N 12,368. 71 per hectare were saved from the use of mechanization. The relationship between labour use in fertilizer application (P < 0.01) and harvesting (P < 0.05) with total farm output of non-mechanized farms are positive and statistically significant. The mechanized farms have land preparation (P < 0.01), planting (P < 0.1), preemergency herbicide application (P < 0.5), post emergency application (P < 0.01) and harvesting (P < 0.05) operation as significant with total farm output. Therefore, the used of herbicide and tractor in mechanized farms have been observed as a major labour saving device in rice farms. Farmers should be encouraged to form cooperative organization for the joint use of farm machineries and knowledge of the use of herbicide should be impacted.