قیم بلاغیة فی عینیة ابن سینا
المجلة العلمیة لکلیة أصول الدین والدعوة بالزقازیق جامعة الأزهر
7261 7261 7261 7267 7266 Preface Rhetorical Values in Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) Poem Ibn Sina's eminent and distinguished poem is renowned for its richness with rhetorical values and significance. It precisely, accurately, and carefully contributed to meeting the main and various purposes of the poem. It covered three fundamental and principal themes as follows. (1) First Theme. This theme tackles the soul's transition from its original position in the highest sphere as it unwillingly and
... llingly and reluctantly descended and joined the human body, which is created out of clay, burdened with organs, and surrounded with sins. Therefore, the soul suffered being in a world distinct from its own world. Nevertheless, it soon became familiar with it and hated abandoning it, which is peculiar. (2) Second Theme. The second theme depicts a transitional phase that overwhelmed the soul with joy and glee when the soul sensed the end of that body, which implies its return to the highest sphere where it belongs. Thus, it merrily got ready to return to its spiritual world. (3) Third Theme. The third theme underlines an abstract and rational thought that necessitates close investigation. It sums up Ibn Sina's quest regarding the reason behind the descent of the soul, inhabiting the body for a certain period, and going back again to where it belongs. Ibn Sina has made his own speculations and expectations in this regard, but he left the door ajar for other expert and specialized explanations and more clarification. The researcher believes that there is no way to uncover the mystery behind this issue as Allah has said in the Holy Quran, Surah Al-Isra (The Night Journey), verse 85: "And they ask you, [Oh, Muhammad], about the soul. Say, "The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind has not been given of knowledge except a little."