Ultrafast electrocyclic ring opening of 7-dehydrocholesterol in solution: The influence of solvent on excited state dynamics

Kuo-Chun Tang, Aaron Rury, Michael B. Orozco, Joshua Egendorf, Kenneth G. Spears, Roseanne J. Sension
2011 Journal of Chemical Physics  
Broadband UV-visible femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy and steady-state integrated fluorescence were used to study the excited state dynamics of 7-dehydrocholesterol (provitamin D 3 , DHC) in solution following excitation at 266 nm. The major results from these experiments are: (1) The excited state absorption spectrum is broad and structureless spanning the visible from 400 to 800 nm. (2) The state responsible for the excited state absorption is the initially excited state.
more » ... ence from this state has a quantum yield of ∼2.5 × 10 −4 in room temperature solution. (3) The decay of the excited state absorption is biexponential, with a fast component of ∼0.4-0.65 ps and a slow component 1.0-1.8 ps depending on the solvent. The spectral profiles of the two components are similar, with the fast component redshifted with respect to the slow component. The relative amplitudes of the fast and slow components are influenced by the solvent. These data are discussed in the context of sequential and parallel models for the excited state internal conversion from the optically excited 1 1 B state. Although both models are possible, the more likely explanation is fast bifurcation between two excited state geometries leading to parallel decay channels. The relative yield of each conformation is dependent on details of the potential energy surface. Models for the temperature dependence of the excited state decay yield an intrinsic activation barrier of ∼2 kJ/mol for internal conversion and ring opening. This model for the excited state behavior of DHC suggests new experiments to further understand the photochemistry and perhaps control the excited state pathways with optical pulse shaping.
doi:10.1063/1.3557054 pmid:21405171 fatcat:3nml2sbskzckzc7xuvspjpjogy