EU Enlargement, Parallel Trade and Price Competition in Pharmaceuticals: Has the Price Competition increased?

David Granlund, Miyase Yesim Köksal-Ayhan
2016 The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy  
AbstractGiven the cost of trade and availability of pharmaceuticals, the driving force for parallel trade is the price difference between the source (exporting) and the destination (importing) country. An increase in the price difference or in the availability of pharmaceuticals for parallel trade should increase price competition in the destination country. Using 2003–2007 data from Sweden we investigated whether EU enlargement in 2004, when new countries with low pharmaceutical prices joined
more » ... he EU, increased competition from parallel imports. Drugs facing competition from parallel imports are found to have on average 19–22% lower prices than they would have had if they had never faced such competition. The EU enlargement is, however, not found to have increased this effect, which might be explained by derogations and changes in consumer perceptions of parallel imports.
doi:10.1515/bejeap-2015-0127 fatcat:ri3kkmszl5gudb2jxyeroris6u