Comparison of the efficacy of compassion-focused therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy on subjective well-being in women with coronary artery disease

Hashemiyeh Ahmadi, sheida Jabalameli, Maryam Moghimian, Mostafa Seyed Hossieni Tezerjani, Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran., Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran., Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran., Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine Cardiovascular Research center Afshar Heart Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2022 The Journal Of Psychological Science  
A large number of studies point to the widespread low level of subjective well-being in patients with coronary artery disease, especially in women. Although the Compassion-Focused Therapy has been an effective treatment in enhancing the ability to become sensitive to suffering along with trying to heal, the Interpersonal Psycho-Therapy also focuses on changing and modifying interpersonal relationships through positive therapeutic alliance; so, can the short-term IPT improve these patients'
more » ... ctive well-being as well? Aims: The present study tries to compare the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy on Women's Subjective well-being suffering from coronary artery disease. Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test-post-test-follow-up design and a control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all female patients referring to the Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinic of Afshar Hospital in Yazd. A total of 41 patients were purposefully selected and randomly assigned to two experimental groups and a control group. The instrument of this study was Keys and Magyarmo's (2003) Subjective Well-Being Scale For the first experiment group, the compassion-focused therapy (Gilbert, 2014 (Gilbert, , 2010)), and for the second experiment group, the and interpersonal psychotherapy (Weissman, 2007) were delivered in groups and in eighat 90minute sessions, but the control group received no intervention. The data were analyzed using the mixed variance analysis. Results: The results showed that the CFT and IPT increased the subjective well-being and its components at the end of the intervention and the follow-up period (P <0/05). There was no difference between these two treatments in terms of increasing the subjective well-being in the women with coronary artery disease (p <0/05). Conclusion: Considering its effects on subjective well-being, the IPT, alone or with a complementary treatment, can be effective in improving the subjective well-being in women with coronary artery disease.
doi:10.52547/jps.21.114.1265 fatcat:7y63vrxxk5a6bhf3itzy37al7a