Infografia digital em sites do governo federal : processos de elaboração e linguagens gráficas
Palavras-chave: design, design da informação, infografia digital, lei de acesso à informação. Abstract Textual and graphical information in Brazilian government websites have become increasingly frequent, especially after the publication of the Law of Access to Information No. 12.527 of 2011, which regulates the constitutional right of citizens' access to public information. In order to facilitate such access and break the barriers of the complexity of its content, infographics were emerging as
... visual artifacts and gaining ground on government websites in Brazil. Despite the numerous studies on digital and journalistic infographics, there were no findings in literature regarding infographics on Brazilian government websites. Therefore, it is not known the processes under which these infographics are made and which are the visual elements used in their solutions. In such a manner, the issues that fostered this study were: (a) which are the production processes of digital infographics in Brazilian government? and (b) what are the graphic languages used in them? To answer these questions, this research begins with an overview of information design, a discipline directly related to infographics, and a theoretical survey of digital infographics. To contextualize the government theme, this study presents an analysis of the legislation regarding the access to public information in Brazil. Later in the study, the two parts of this research are presented: the first part refers to an analysis of production processes available in literature and a survey with professionals who design infographics in Brazilian government agencies, in order to know their production processes and compare them with the theoretical processes. The second part is an analysis of infographics found in Brazilian government websites according to graphic language, placing them in a matrix comprising symbolization modes and configuration methods. In conclusion, the results show that infographics production processes in the government could be improved and that their graphic languages must be appropriate for their purposes. At the end, the study proposes a list of recommendations, regarding production processes and graphic languages, with the aim to assist both the government and infographics designers in the preparation of official public information infographics.