Device-free and device-bound activity recognition using radio signal strength

Markus Scholz, Till Riedel, Mario Hock, Michael Beigl
2013 Proceedings of the 4th Augmented Human International Conference on - AH '13  
We investigate direct use of 802.15.4 radio signal strength indication (RSSI) for human activity recognition when 1) a user carries a wireless node (device-bound) and when 2) a user moves in the wireless sensor net (WSN) without a WSN node (device-free). We investigate recognition feasibility in respect to network topology, subject and room geometry (door open, half, closed). Methods: In a 2 person office room 8 wireless nodes are installed in a 3D topology. Two subjects are outfitted with a
more » ... sor node on the hip. Acceleration and RSSI are recorded while subject performs 6 different activities or room is empty. We apply machine learning for analysis and compare our results to acceleration data. Results: 10-fold cross-validation with all nodes gives accuracies of 0.896 (device-bound), 0.894 (device-free) and 0.88 (accelerometer). Topology investigation reveals that similar accuracies may be reached with only 5 (device-bound) or 4 (device-free) selected nodes. Applying trained data from one subject to the other and vice-versa shows higher recognition difference on RSSI than on acceleration. Changing of door state has smaller effect on both systems than subject change; with least impact when door is closed. Conclusion: 802.15.4 RSSI suited for activity recognition. 3D topology is helpful in respect to type of activities. Discrimination of subjects seems possible. Practical systems must adapt no only to long-term environmental dispersion but consider typical geometric changes. Adaptable, robust recognition models must be developed.
doi:10.1145/2459236.2459254 dblp:conf/aughuman/ScholzRHB13 fatcat:fkehv25skjdsxiiq6ijl7gfroq