Targeting cellular metabolism to inhibit synergistic biofilm formation of multi-species isolated from a cooling water system [article]

Dingrong Kang, Wenzheng Liu, Fatemeh Bajoul Kakahi, Frank Delvigne
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Biofilm is ubiquitous in natural environments, causing biofouling in industrial water systems and leading to liquidity and heat transfer efficiency decreases. In particular, multi-species coexistence in biofilms can provide the synergy needed to boost biomass production and enhance treatment resistance. In this study, a total of 37 bacterial strains were isolated from a cooling tower where acetic acid and propionic acid were used as the primary carbon sources. These isolates mainly belonged to
more » ... mainly belonged to Proteobacteria and Firmicutes, which occupied more than 80% of the total strains according to the 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Four species (Acinetobacter sp. CTS3, Corynebacterium sp. CTS5, Providencia sp. CTS12, and Pseudomonas sp. CTS17) were observed to co-exist in the synthetic medium, showing a synergistic effect towards biofilm formation. Three metabolic inhibitors (sulfathiazole, 3-Bromopyruvic acid, and 3-Nitropropionic acid) were employed as possible treatments against biofilm formation due to their inhibition effect on c-di-GMP biosynthesis or assimilation of volatile fatty acids. All of them displayed evident inhibition profiles to biofilm formation. Notably, the combination of these three inhibitors possessed a remarkable ability to block the development of a multi-species biofilm with lower concentrations, suggesting an enhanced effect with their simultaneous use. This study demonstrates that targeting cellular metabolism is an effective way to inhibit biofilm formation derived from multi-species.
doi:10.1101/2021.01.28.428600 fatcat:v4lewptvofgszhyzrqycoj7uk4