Abnormality detection and intelligent severity assessment of human chest computed tomography scans using deep learning: a case study on SARS-COV-2 assessment

Mohamed Ramzy Ibrahim, Sherin M. Youssef, Karma M. Fathalla
2021 Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing  
Different respiratory infections cause abnormal symptoms in lung parenchyma that show in chest computed tomography. Since December 2019, the SARS-COV-2 virus, which is the causative agent of COVID-19, has invaded the world causing high numbers of infections and deaths. The infection with SARS-COV-2 virus shows an abnormality in lung parenchyma that can be effectively detected using Computed Tomography (CT) imaging. In this paper, a novel computer aided framework (COV-CAF) is proposed for
more » ... ying the severity degree of the infection from 3D Chest Volumes. COV-CAF fuses traditional and deep learning approaches. The proposed COV-CAF consists of two phases: the preparatory phase and the feature analysis and classification phase. The preparatory phase handles 3D-CT volumes and presents an effective cut choice strategy for choosing informative CT slices. The feature analysis and classification phase incorporate fuzzy clustering for automatic Region of Interest (RoI) segmentation and feature fusion. In feature fusion, automatic features are extracted from a newly introduced Convolution Neural Network (Norm-VGG16) and are fused with spatial hand-crafted features extracted from segmented RoI. Experiments are conducted on MosMedData: Chest CT Scans with COVID-19 Related Findings with COVID-19 severity classes and SARS-COV-2 CT-Scan benchmark datasets. The proposed COV-CAF achieved remarkable results on both datasets. On MosMedData dataset, it achieved an overall accuracy of 97.76% and average sensitivity of 96.73%, while on SARS-COV-2 CT-Scan dataset it achieves an overall accuracy and sensitivity 97.59% and 98.41% respectively.
doi:10.1007/s12652-021-03282-x pmid:34055098 pmcid:PMC8147594 fatcat:dx637yujpzfpnppiaoxqmgocei